Vape 101

How to Make Vape Juice?

how to make vape juice

Vape juice, also known as e-liquid, is the essential component of any vaping experience. Understanding how to create vape juice can be both rewarding and challenging. This guide will walk you through the process, from basic ingredients and equipment to advanced mixing techniques and production costing.

Understanding Vape Juice

Vape juice is a liquid used in e-cigarettes and vape devices to create vapor. It typically consists of a base, flavorings, and nicotine (optional). The base usually includes propylene glycol (PG), vegetable glycerin (VG), and sometimes distilled water.

Key Ingredients

vape juice
  1. Propylene Glycol (PG): A thin, colorless liquid with a slightly sweet taste, known for producing a strong throat hit. It is generally used in a 20-30% ratio of the base liquid.
  2. Vegetable Glycerin (VG): A thicker, sweet-tasting liquid that creates large vapor clouds. It is usually used in a 70-80% ratio of the base liquid.
  3. Flavorings: These can be natural or artificial and come in various types, including fruit, dessert, beverage, and menthol. It’s essential to use food-grade flavorings designed for vaping to ensure safety.
  4. Nicotine: Available in various strengths and forms, such as nicotine base or nicotine salts. The choice of nicotine strength depends on the user’s preference and vaping style.

Step-by-Step Guide to Making Vape Juice

1. Gather Your Equipment and Ingredients

Before you start mixing, make sure you have all the necessary tools and ingredients:

  • Syringes or Dropper Bottles: For accurate measurement.
  • Beakers or Mixing Bottles: For mixing the ingredients.
  • Stirring Rod or Shaker: To ensure thorough mixing.
  • Gloves and Goggles: For safety.
  • Digital Scale: For precise measurements.

2. Calculate the Nicotine Strength

Nicotine strength is measured in milligrams per milliliter (mg/ml). Decide on the desired nicotine level for your vape juice. For example, if you want a 3mg/ml nicotine concentration, you will need to calculate the amount of nicotine base required.

Formula: Nicotine Quantity (ml)=[Desired Strength (mg/ml)×Total Volume (ml)]/1000

3. Measure Your Base Ingredients

Mixing the base is crucial for the final taste and vapor production. Typically, the base consists of PG, VG, and nicotine (if used).

  • Example Recipe:
    • 50% VG
    • 50% PG
    • 3mg/ml Nicotine

4. Add Flavorings

Flavorings are where you can get creative. Start with a small amount and adjust to taste. Most flavorings are concentrated, so a little goes a long way.

  • Common Flavor Ratios:
    • Light Flavors: 5-10%
    • Strong Flavors: 10-20%

5. Mix the Ingredients

Combine the base ingredients and flavorings in your mixing bottle. Use a stirring rod or a shaker to mix thoroughly. Ensure there are no clumps and the nicotine is evenly distributed.

6. Let It Steep

Steeping allows the flavors to blend and mature. Place your vape juice in a cool, dark place for 1-2 weeks. You can shake the bottle daily to enhance the steeping process.

7. Test and Adjust

After steeping, test your vape juice. Adjust the flavor or nicotine strength as needed. Remember, taste can vary, so fine-tuning may be necessary.

Advanced Mixing Techniques

For those looking to take their vape juice-making to the next level, here are some advanced techniques:

1. DIY Flavor Blending

Experiment with different flavor combinations to create unique blends. Keep detailed notes on your recipes to replicate or refine them.

2. Temperature Control

Use a temperature-controlled device to steep your vape juice. This can accelerate the maturation process and enhance flavor.

3. Custom Nicotine Salts

Mixing your nicotine salts can provide a smoother throat hit and better nicotine absorption. Use a nicotine salt base and mix it with your chosen VG/PG ratio.

Vape Juice Production Costing

Understanding the cost involved in producing vape juice can help you make informed decisions and set competitive prices.

Cost Breakdown

  1. Ingredients:
    • PG: $5 per liter
    • VG: $6 per liter
    • Flavorings: $10-$20 per 30ml bottle
    • Nicotine Base: $50 per 100ml (for 100mg/ml)
  2. Equipment:
    • Mixing Bottles and Beakers: $20-$50
    • Syringes and Droppers: $10-$15
    • Stirring Rods or Shakers: $10-$30
  3. Labor Costs:
    • Hourly rate for mixing and quality control.

Sample Cost Calculation

Let’s calculate the cost for a 100ml batch of vape juice with the following ingredients:

  • PG (50ml): $2.50
  • VG (50ml): $3.00
  • Nicotine Base (3ml of 100mg/ml): $1.50
  • Flavorings (10ml): $5.00

Total Cost: $12.00 for 100ml.

Thus, the cost per ml is $0.12.

Selling Price Consideration

When setting the selling price, consider your costs, competition, and desired profit margin. A common markup is 2-3 times the production cost. For example, if the cost is $0.12 per ml, the selling price could be $0.24 – $0.36 per ml.

Safety Tips and Regulations

Safety First

  • Always wear gloves and goggles.
  • Work in a well-ventilated area.
  • Store nicotine base in a cool, dark place, out of reach of children.

Compliance with Regulations

  • Check local laws regarding nicotine content and labeling requirements.
  • Ensure all ingredients are food-grade and safe for vaping.

Vape Juice Production Sample Video


Creating your vape juice can be a fulfilling and creative endeavor. By understanding the ingredients, mastering the mixing process, and keeping an eye on production costs, you can craft high-quality vape juice tailored to your preferences. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced mixer, this guide provides the essential knowledge to start your vaping journey. Happy mixing!


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